Sentinel breast scan

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What is a Sentinel Lymph Node? Courtesy of Tyco Healthcare Group. In the breast, a network of lymphatic vessels drain fluid and cells to the bean-shaped lymph nodes in the axilla armpit.

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Lymphoscintigraphy is the technical name for the various procedures used to study the lymphatic system. In the context of breast cancer, lymphoscintigraphy is used to identify the sentinel lymph node. The closest draining lymph node near a breast tumor.

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A sentinel lymph node biopsy SLNB is a type of surgery. It can help your doctor determine the stage of your breast cancer, including whether or not it has spread outside of your breast. The knowledge your doctor gains from this procedure will guide your treatment plan. To perform a SLNB, your doctor will inject a radioactive tracer or blue dye into your breast.

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Sentinel lymph node dissection SLND is emerging as the preferred method of axillary staging for breast cancer patients. To further the use of noninvasive techniques in breast cancer, positron emission tomography PET scans have been considered as an alternative axillary staging modality. In order to compare the 2 modalities, we studied 15 invasive breast cancer patients who had undergone a preoperative PET scan before sentinel lymphadenectomy.

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Sentinel lymph node mapping and biopsy is the best way to find out if breast cancer cells have escaped the original tumor and spread to nearby lymph nodes in the armpit. Sentinel lymph node mapping and biopsy is usually performed as part of breast cancer surgery. Although most women with a small breast tumor do not have cancer cells that have metastasized spread to lymph nodes, identifying which women do have armpit axillary lymph node involvement is important because it helps the medical and radiation oncologists plan additional treatment.

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Surgery for breast cancer treatment 2. Which type of surgery will I have? Breast-conserving surgery: lumpectomy or wide local excision 4. Quadrantectomy 5.

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You might have this procedure if you have breast cancer or melanoma. It will help your doctor see if cancer cells have spread to your lymph nodes. Your lymphatic system is made up of lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, and lymphatic fluid see Figures 1 and 2.

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Sentinel node biopsy is a surgical procedure doctors use to see whether early-stage breast cancer has spread beyond the tumor and into the lymphatic system. The sentinel nodes are the first lymph nodes a cancer is expected to move into. If there is evidence of malignancy there, there is a known possibility of it spreading to other parts of the body as the cancer cells circulate in lymphatic fluid.

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